Posts tagged ‘Fiscal Deficit’

Nominal GDP & Tax Collection Target Ambitious ; Net Borrowing In-line With Expectation

Key points:

  • The fiscal deficit for 2013-14 is contained at 4.6 percent and to be contained at 4.1% in FY15.
  • The current account deficit is projected to be at USD 45 billion in 2013-14 down from USD 88 billion in 2012-13.
  • Foreign exchange reserve will grow by USD 15 billion in this Financial Year.
  • Food grain production estimated for the current year is 263 million tonnes compared to 255.36 million tonnes in 2012-13.
  • Through the Direct Benefic Transfer (DBT) Scheme, a total of 628 crore (54,20,114 transactions) has been transferred directly to the beneficiaries till 31st January 2014 under 27 Schemes.
  • The Excise Duty on all goods falling under Chapter 84 & 85 of the Schedule to the Central Excise Tariff Act is reduced from 12 percent to 10 percent for the period upto 30.06.2014.
  • 10 per cent hike in Defense allocation has been given in comparison to BE 2013-14.
  • 11,300 crore is proposed to be provided for Capital infusion in Public Sector Banks.
  • Public Debt Management Agency Bill is ready with the Government. It is proposed to establish a non-statutory PDMA that can begin work in 2014-15.

Our Take

Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has kept up his promise to keep the deficit within the most reiterated red line of 4.8%. However the means by which he minimized the deficit is well known i.e. by rolling over the subsidy payments in the following year. Bond markets were more closely eyeing gross and net borrowing number which more or less were in line with market expectation however many doubt whether the same will be adhered to given high probability of India having someone else managing the finance ministry ahead. Demand supply dynamics at a net borrowing number of ~4.6tn seems favorable however above statement of increasing the FX reserves by USD15bn and RBI’s bias towards low SLR may dampen initial calculations. It wouldn’t be surprising if debt return outpaces equity in the next one year hereon.

Weak demand and reduced tax rate make the tax collection projections tad optimistic. The most watch and worrying factor, subsidy, is planned for INR 2.47lk cr. However unnatural movement in Oil and Fertilizer prices may bring up uncomfortable numbers.  FM pegged FY15 growth at 5% and nominal growth at 13.4% which tentatively prices in an inflation (precisely GDP deflator) of 7.6%.  Bond market’s reaction to budget is that of a non-event. Going forward, Fresh issuance & switch (500bn) calendar in addition to inflation and domestic currency will guide the markets.

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Public Finance India – Lecture Slides

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Central Govt. Revenue & Expenditure Statement (12-13E)

  • Government Expenditure is divided into Plan and Non-Plan expenditure. Non-plan does not mean that the expenditure is unplanned.
  • ‘Plan’ in this context indicates what is covered in the Five-Year Plan. Non-Plan expenditure covers defence expenditure, interest payments and subsidies and grants to states. It can be divided into revenue account and capital account. Revenue account is, simply, expenditure that gets consumed and Capital Account is one that creates some productive assets.
  • Defence personnel salaries, interest payments and subsidies would come under Non-Plan revenue expenditure
  • Plan expenditure can again be split into revenue and capital components. Needless to say, a majority of the money is spent on revenue expenditure, i.e. salaries, overheads and other stuff, which does very little for the development of the economy.
  • The central government funds its expenditure mainly through taxes – income tax, corporate tax, excise and custom duties.
  • Its non-tax revenue come from interest received and surpluses of PSUs, financial institutions and other departmental undertakings like the railways, Post, etc.
  • Recoveries of loans from states (and others) and the government borrowings make up the capital receipts of the government.
  • In calculating the fiscal deficit, government borrowings are not included on the revenue side of the budget. It is therefore the cash by which the government is short to cover the proposed expenditure.
  • The target for fiscal deficit is set as a percentage of GDP. Also, most of the revenue numbers depend on the GDP growth. This time it is expected to be 5.1% of GDP possibly seeing GDP at Rs.101.59trillion.

I would appreciate your input if I am wrong somewhere.

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